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ACT写作技巧及范文

2021-02-20 18:31:07来源:网络

  为了帮助大家备考ACT,新东方在线ACT频道整理了《ACT写作技巧及范文》,希望对大家有所帮助。

  ACT写作技巧

  分段,空行分段。分几段?????你!开!心!就!好!随!便!分!重要的是正文段每段『第一句』或者叫做正文『段首句』它的任务是「使用抽象语言承上启下」注意:如果段首句后面的句子是转折,那需要重写段首句。以上,阅卷人找到了观点+段首句,印象起评分应该是4以上(每个人阅卷人0-6分,每篇文章2个人阅卷)

  正文部分(至少原则)

  我们一起来回忆。正文内例子和论证比例,例子最多不要超过1:1至少一个具体的例子至少一组reasoning(以完成一次价值判断为一组)冲8以上两组其中一组「针对自己观点」一组针对「题目观点」至少深入分析题目三个观点中的一个,另外两个提及时间紧迫的情况就两段1「例子+题目观点」2「reasoning针对自己观点」同样结构,可以参考智能机器6月满分范文不需要为了写Perspective而写,只要你真的有思考,稍微全面,稍微深入。一定能包含到三个当中的一个,题目三个观点其实本身很局限,如果按评分标准的“全面”和“深入”,只分析题目已给出的信息是远远不够的。

    ACT写作范文

  下面就带着大家一起来回顾4月8日ACT考试写作部分完整的题目和范文!

  Desire [April 2017 Asia Test]

  For humans, it’s a natural tendency to have longings or cravings for things that bring satisfaction or meaning to life. But, desire can have both a bright and dark side. Desire not only enhances survival or pleasure, but also influences all dimensions of human existence—like falling in love, spirituality, creativity and learning. On the contrary, negative manifestations of desire can lead to neuroticism or obsessively wanting things that we cannot obtain, are not good for us or destructive to our or others well-being. Given the tensions related to desire, it is worth examining its value as well as its implications on society.

  Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the value and implications of desire.

  Perspective One

  Desire is a direct result of dissatisfaction with one's life and only brings us unhappiness. We should instead value our time now and focus on being happy.

  Perspective Two

  The feeling of desire is simply a natural sentiment that results in socialprogress. It can motivate us to push our limits.

  Perspective Three

  In its pure form, desire is an adverse pressure that compels us to pursue selfish interests. Instead, we should focus on helping others get what they want.

  Essay Task

  Write a unified, coherent essay about the value and implications of desire. In your essay, be sure to:

  • clearly state your own perspective on the issue and analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective

  • develop and support your ideas with reasoning and examples

  • organize your ideas clearly and logically

  • communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English

  Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of those given, in partial agreement, or completely different.

  Desire

  Human evolution, which resulted in capabilities far beyond our mammalian counterparts, was arguably spawned based on three main factors: survival, replication and desire. The third, desire, can be split into two main categories to analyze it more clearly: “desire to consume” versus “desire to produce”. While unconstrained or misguided consumptive desires can lead to destructive behavior, the productive type has the capacity to be a highly transformational force, and thus should be nurtured, not hindered.

  Unfortunately, present day surroundings can accentuate consumerist behavior through constant bombardment of materialistic goods and advertisements that continuously pitch a quick path to the “good life”. Desires that take the form of emotional or physical cravings that serve only to satisfy temporary feelings of pleasure can be dangerous. More simply put, individual needs for survival are no longer a concern in most developed countries due to modern technological advances and wide availability of food and shelter, leaving a lot of today’s youth ample time to obsess about following pop culture, shopping, eating for pleasure, enhancing superficial appearance and impulsive entertainment. This overdependence on external stimuli for self-worth is toxic because it leads to chasing the next quick “high” from a consumerist purchase, a “like” on social media from posting selfies or seeking approval from peers. Too many derive their sense of self-worth through the way others perceive them instead of how they can fulfill others. Chasing selfish desires can lead to emptiness, obsession and even depression.

  However, we must not lose sight of the type of productive desire that has led to evolutionary progress and long-term transformation of society. The type of desire that is sourced from the will to do good or “produce” for family, community or society is the type that is sustainable. Young people that are instilled with a sense of esponsibility to do something great or improve the lives of those around them channel their desire into productive means to achieve excellence. Nearly any great biography or movie of a successful person contains a story of someone who had a desire to create something great beyond themselves that would persist beyond their lifetime. Thomas Edison’s will to innovate through creation of revolutionary products; Elon Musk’s mission to change the world through renewable products and space exploration; Steve Job’s vision to bring computers to the masses. While not everyone will achieve this level of greatness, the desire to better one’s family, friends and relationships can foster the hope to build love, trust and community with those around them. Nurturing this type of growth and development in people is the key to motivating people to reach their potential and thus strengthening society one individual at a time.

  To summarize, the mentality of “taking” from society versus “giving” is where we must draw the line and consider where desire plays a positive role in society. The desire to produce and give to others is the type that has truly helped the human race evolve to where it is today, and it is this is form of desire that society should continually reinforce and nourish to ensure sustainable improvement for our planet.

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