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ACT写作3大步骤:规划-写作-修改

2017-08-25 15:23:54 来源:新东方在线论坛ACT资料下载

  熟悉ACT考试,新东方在线ACT小编为大家带来ACT写作3大步骤:规划-写作-修改一文,希望对大家的ACT备考学习有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线ACT学习网(http://act.koolearn.com)!

  ACT写作虽是选考,但是对于打算申请美国名校的学生来说,依然是非常重要的一部分。如何写出一篇有逻辑、条理清晰、打动老师的文章呢?其实答案很简单,只需要按照规划-写作-修改三个阶段进行,完全就ok的。以下以一篇范文为例,为大家介绍一下这三个阶段。

  Intelligent Machines

  Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by  intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives.

  Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people.

  Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.

  Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.

  Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines.

  第一阶段:规划(8-10分钟)

  (1)阅读文章提示和提供的观点,然后暂时定下自己的所要表达的观点

  文章提示给的三个观点和你自己所要阐述的观点要有一定的联系。当然,你可以提出除此之外的自己的观点,但我不建议您这样做。当然你也可以将多个观点进行 “混合”,然后将阐述的“混合观点”与文章给的每一个观点进行比较,也是ok的。当然,还是建议大家选择自己认为最佳的观点。

  对于上面的范文,我将暂时选择认为观点三(智能机器挑战长久以来关于人性,进而推动人类和机器向新的、以前难以想象的可能性,仅恰好因为我觉得这个观点是最佳观点。

  (2)快速头脑风暴,阐述、解释每个观点

  因为ACT写作涉及到的是你的观点和其他观点之间的关系,而不仅仅是你同意的观点,你必须在你的文章中使用多个证据。在这一点上,如果你发现你能找到更有说服力的证据来支持一个不同的观点,而不是你所选择的观点,你可以改变自己的思路——毕竟,你还在计划之中。而且,你不必写完整的句子,或者像在文章中那样优雅地表达,所以不用担心。

  论据的来源:

  1. 提示的开头段:您可以将阅读文章开头提示的段落的部分或全部示例适用于您自己的文章。

  2.个人经历:您可以以任何关于您或您认识(或弥补)的任何故事(真实或不真实)为依据,以支持您的任何一点。

  3. 使用历史或当前活动中的事件的知识来支持您的观点。

  (3)集思广益,反思或分析其他角度的观点

  如果您在思考论据的过程中,发现这个论据适合于另一个观点,也是可以的。如果您支持了观点1,即使你举的例子适合观点3,也是可以的。因为虽然您支持了观点1,但是并没有说不可以讨论另外两个观点。

  (4)组织你的文章

  既然您已经掌握了文章的要点,那么是时候以一种有意义的方式来组织它们了,一定要包括您的介绍。 (您的论文陈述包含您的观点和结论)

  Introduction

  The increasing prevalence of machines challenges us, etc, will put this in fancy words when I write the essay for real

  Body Paragraph 1

  Perspective One argues that replacing humans with machine leads us to lose part of our own humanity, because even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people.

  I have witnessed this in my own life through watching my mother interact with some of those "sophisticated" automated phone systems. She sometimes gets so frustrated with the technology refusing to do what she wants that, by the time the menu allows her to speak to a real human, my mother is no longer courteous or respectful.

  Despite this frustration, I think the benefits outweigh the costs, because providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service reps to answer real questions. In addition, recordings of calls with angry customers are used to improve the menus.

  Body Paragraph 2

  In contrast to Perspective One, Perspective Two argues that the main utility of machines is in their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and efficiently than humans.

  In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on assembly lines,  performing their jobs with high precision and at lower overall cost to employers, who can make a one time purchase rather than having to pay a human a yearly salary (and worry about liability issues)

  This perspective is fine as far as it goes, but is limited in its consideration of the implications. Robots can not only do things instead of humans, but can actually work with humans, as in precise surgery, to a better result than either humans or machines alone.

  Body Paragraph 3

  The true impact of intelligent machines in our lives is that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in the future.

  An example of this is brain-computer interfaces that allow people to control computers with their brains.

  With BCIs, people can overcome physical limitations.. In addition, BCIs have capture the interest of people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields to create new, previously unimagined inventions and ways to interact with the world.

  Conclusion sentence

  In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent  machines help us to move forward as a species to new heights.

  当第一阶段完成时,你尽力预留30分钟时间进行下面的阶段。

本文关键字: ACT写作3大步骤 规划 写作 修改

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